Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
Unfortunately, there is currently no known cure for those who have multiple sclerosis. Basically, multiple sclerosis treatment concentrate on battling the response of the auto-immune system as well as in symptom-management. Take note that there are sufferers of multiple sclerosis who possess mild symptoms that treatment may not be necessary.
There are numerous drugs involved in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. For one, corticosteroids are the most used to treat multiple sclerosis. Basically, corticosteroids help decrease any inflammation which drastically increase in times of relapse.
Another type of drug is interferons, these include Betaseron, Rebif and Avonex. These medications basically slow the rate of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis. However, interferons have the tendency to cause liver damage.
Also, Copaxone or Glatiramer are widely believed by doctors as capable of blocking the immune system' s fight against myelin. This drug needs to be injected subcutaneously one each day. A few of the side effects of this medication include shortness of breath as well as flushing.
Another drug is Tysabri or Natalizumab which is designed to function by blocking the movement of possibly damaging immune cells in the bloodstream onto the brain and spinal cord. Essentially, Tysabri is for those who have difficulty tolerating other treatment types as Tysabri helps increase one' s risk of having a fatal brain infection called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
Another drug is Novantrone or Mitoxantrone, an immunosuppressant drug which is harmful to the heart and is recommended for those who possess advanced multiple sclerosis.
Another type of multiple sclerosis treatment is plasma exchange or plasmapheresis. This specific method is somewhat similar to dialysis as it helps separate blood cells from plasma. Basically, plasma exchange is often used to aid the symptoms of multiple sclerosis relapses specifically for those people who are no longer responding to steroids administered intravenously.
Remember that drug treatment for multiple sclerosis carry potential side effects. It is important that any medications you use be first discussed with a doctor you trust. A few of the possible side effects of multiple sclerosis medication include gastrointestinal upsets, drowsiness, swelling, fluid retention, mood changes and skin irritation.
Also, treatment for specific multiple sclerosis symptoms vary. For instance, muscle problems could be treated with a drug combination which eases muscle stiffness or tremors. Doctors may also recommend physiotherapy.
Steroids may also help alleviate visual disturbances or neurological symptoms. Fatigue brought about by multiple sclerosis could also be aided by drugs used in treating narcolepsy. Depression and anxiety may be treated by counseling as well as medication. Those who have continence problems may do special exercises or dietary changes.
Fortunately, alternative therapies exist in treating multiple sclerosis.
These are designed to complement conventional medications as well as physical therapy. A few of the alternative treatments one could go through include biofeedback therapy, acupuncture, hypnosis, meditation, massage, Tai Chi, relaxation methods, Yoga.
All in all, multiple sclerosis is a disease which has yet no known cure. It affects the central nervous system, the optic nerves, the brain and spinal cord.
The main goal of medication is to shorten the attacks related to multiple sclerosis as well as manage its symptoms with the hope of slowing the disease' s progress.
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